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Ansible cisco ios playbook example

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A few things to note, I am using the 'register' command to save the the output into a variable named 'show_run'. There is a backup parameter that can just be turned to yes. yml on this git repo. NO programming experience is required. "Cisco IOS Software, IOSv Software (VIOS-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M),  Jun 29, 2021 I have created a very simple and easy Ansible playbook version 2 to backup running-config Cisco Router or Switch devices and save it with  24 6 2020 Example Ansible Playbook for Updating Cisco IOS Switches December 6 2018 December 7 2018 NetworkProGuide 5 Comments Ansible Cisco IOS Networking  Mar 26, 2021 One of the first steps in any Ansible playbook is to establish secure Command modules—for example on a Cisco Catalyst platform running  Oct 13, 2016 cfg, hostfile, variables, and playbook, rather than modifying the default Ansible configuration which is in etc/ansible/. yml. Looks like a configuration straight out of an MPLS book, right? ip vrf Customer_A rd 65000:1 Articles » Ansible-related content » Parsing Text Printouts within Ansible Playbooks. For example, how to configure multiple VLANs on a multiple switches, or how to configure OSPF on a router and more much more. Getting started. Let's pretend that the Wi-Fi in Hogwarts was installed smoothly, and has been chugging away for awhile. Oct 16, 2016 The sample playbook looks very similar, but of course we need to supply the "ansible_sysdescr": "Cisco IOS Software, C3750E Software. CSR1kv ansible_user =cisco ansible_password =cisco123! ansible_host =192. The Cisco IOS, IOS XR, NXOS, Junos and Arista EOS platforms got three  May 29, 2020 You'll find all sorts of modules for Cisco IOS and beyond! For more examples I've created a playbook that configure a WAN, LAN, and Loopback  Our playbook, cisco_5. <omitted> 3. ios_bgp. I would like to introduce you to a new parameter, “wait_for”. Ansible playbooks are written in YAML, which makes it fairly easy to pick up and digest. I'll use the below simple topology for this tutorial. For Windows based targets Ansbile use PowerShell Remote Admin windows feature! Step2: Ansible YAML playbook file/files. Automating Cisco Device Upgrades With Ansible. The playbook is simple and is written by the network SME. This. eos. Now let me modify this playbook and obtain the running configuration; for this I will use the 'ios_command' module. The ios_check_acls is a “network function” role and is written by advanced Ansible developers (possibly value added re-sellers, vendors, independent community developers etc). yml -i hosts. This post continues my previous post Anisble with Cisco Part 1. As per Ansible version 2. com Show All Images ansible_network_os: This variable tells ansible what SPECIFIC network device you are communicating with, in this example we are talking with a Cisco IOS 3850, so when specify the ios it’s telling ansible to use the IOS modules in the next task. The Ansible playbook is a Run one of the ready built Playbooks! Summary of Steps. 24 About. The cisco_exec_commands module doesn't replace the ansible core If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable ANSIBLE_NET_USERNAME will be used instead. You will see demonstrations of the configuration of both Cisco routers and switches in GNS3. • Session 2: ANSIBLE Introduction playbook sample ios_config - Manage Cisco IOS configuration sections. Examples on how to use Ad hoc commands for tasks like Disk Space check, Creating file, Create user, Creating Directory, copy file, copy directory, check service status, reboot the server etc. Basically, what we just need is to configure the device management interface that is connected to ‘mgmt-sw’ (must be the same subnet on ‘ ansible_controller’ ), username Mark Fergusson had a similar experience on Cisco IOS. By September 12, 2021 Uncategorized. An example of a playbook which is a clear explanation of boring workflow is “Backup Cisco Device Configuration”, this is the most static, boring and time consuming workflow but sorry to say it is needed as to ensure that we will have the most updated configuration copy when restoring the device. If it is enabled, then a message will appear on the screen of the host. This should help you tailor it to your needs. I have Eve NG with Cisco VIRL Routers on IOS 15. Cisco IOS was supported previously, but the latest changes to its operation were made in release 2. We can then dynamically pluck this out in the playbook. Using a template would be useful in scenarios where  May 19, 2019 I'll show you another playbook which will be used for managing a Cisco router. Recently I posted about how it can be easy to get lost in the sea of options when it comes to having Ansible control your network gear. Updating description of cisco ios Diving in: parsing the output of show ip interfaces brief on a Cisco IOS device. We will now write a playbook that utilises the Ansible ios_facts module, used to collect a base set of facts from Cisco IOS devices. Ansible playbook was executed on Cisco C2960X, IOS 15. I have configured 5 Routers which is In the above playbook, the ios_config is the name of Ansible module for configuring Cisco device that is running IOS. Now exit from inventory directory and create the playbook. It will iterate the content of the variable, in this case, the vlans The command to run a playbook is ansible-playbook [playbook-name] Last thing to remember is that we still have a single undefined variable in the playbook, which is called "custfile". Install Ansible. Using modules from the Cisco IOS collection in your playbooks You can call modules by their Fully Qualified Collection Namespace (FQCN), such as cisco. Ansible playbook to manage security rules on a Palo Alto firewall; Ansible playbook to manage objects on a Cisco Firepower Management Center (FMC) Ansible playbook to provision Netscaler VIPs. My Setup: Ansible Ad hoc commands and an ansible cheat sheet. Below is how I setup my basic Ansible Playbook for managing Cisco IOS devices running Ansible 2. Adding a VLAN and assigning to Interface. We have already seen a number of NXOS examples, so in this section, let's try to manage IOS-based devices. 2. for example: IP Address, Port number, Username, Password and enable Password if required. gather_facts: false. Apr 29, 2020 For all the examples, we will use a Cisco sandbox environment delivered ansible-playbook command_show. I saved a lot of time by staging the IOS images on flash before kicking off the playbook, if I missed anything this playbook would of uploaded the image for me before setting Note that another module, called ios_commands, can be used for recurring tasks that require show commands. Ansible Playbook for loading IOS to cisco Device Flash and copying to other stack members. With this playbook, we’ll enforce which VLANs are configured on our switches. The cisco_exec_commands module doesn't replace the ansible core Example 1 - Backing up a Config Ansible. Running this we’ll obtain the following: As we can see, the command has been correctly executed and data is well parsed in a JSON-like manner. 1 or above: In this Ansible IOS_Command Example post I will share a simple Ansible Playbook example that will write an ACL to a Cisco Switch. I’ll share my working playbook and then will break down the parts so you can understand what each piece does. The following example task replaces configuration changes in the existing configuration on a Cisco IOS network device, using the FQCN: Ansible IOS VLAN March 9, 2019 10 minute read ansible ios_vlan cisco On this page. zip and extract the contents or clone the repository by typing Ansible-playbook : gather_facts example for Cisco IOS devices (all facts) The ansible version: jdoe@u20ws:~/ansible_network$ ansible –version. My directory structure is very similar to the last role. post I will share a simple Ansible Playbook example that will write an ACL to a Cisco Switch. The ios_check_acls calls a “provider” role About Playbooks; Playbook Language Example; Basics; Action Shorthand; Handlers: Running Operations On Change; Executing A Playbook; Ansible-Pull; Tips and Tricks; Creating Reusable Playbooks. For example, you can list your hosts, as well as your host and group Capturing show output with Ansible! In this article I'll show you an Ansible Playbook that captures show output from multiple show commands on a Cisco router, and then stores the output in a text file that is the hostname of the device. I am also using the 'debug' module to print I pushed a collection of Ansible modules for cisco IOS routers on my Github . cisco_ios_upgrade. 8. The answer is – for Linux/Cisco IOS/NXOS/JUNOS and similar Ansible use SSH connection. I will go over making a playbook that uses the ntc_parse filter plugin from NTC to obtain structured data from a Cisco device and uses that structured data further. This repository contains working simple example that gathers show clock output from Cisco IOS switches. --- - hosts: cisco connection: network_cli tasks: - nxos_config: backup: yes Run the playbook with ansible-playbook backup. yml -v --limit rtr1 *In our example we use the Cisco IOS command config replace. yml". Let’s dig it a bit. Create a working directory: mkdir ansible_play cd ansible_play Create the following 4 files within the … Continue reading "Ansible – Basic Playbook" Cisco Switch IOS Upgrade Ansible Playbook. Passwordless SSH RSA-based authentication is still a novelty and in most cases users are authenticated based on their Using modules from the Cisco IOS collection in your playbooks You can call modules by their Fully Qualified Collection Namespace (FQCN), such as cisco. 10). Ansible can take data produced by an external script (or show command executed on a network device) and use it in subsequent tasks in an Ansible playbook – an ideal solution if you need to collect device data to generate a report, verify device state (example: are BGP neighbors up) or check device state Alright this the playbook I use to create a tenant. I wrote the following playbook to automate the upgrade of Cisco IOS devices. 56. txt; ios_ping module: test connectivity from managed host to an IP. Ansible Interface Playbook (ios_config): Cisco interface config. Mar 14, 2020 ansible cisco ios_user netdevops network automation the example on the module definition, I went ahead and created a playbook that will  Nov 29, 2016 Don't forget to activate ssh server in Cisco IOS XR and configure BOF file with Ansible playbooks for Nokia and Cisco configuration. Regardless of the used module, we’ll store the output in a JSON file that can easily be used in other tools. Future Automation - Ansible is a powerful automation tool. There are two modules with an example for using them: one of the modules gather some usefull facts from cisco IOS routers and the other module execute in a cisco IOS router a list of commands from a file. Assigned this host to the “Inventory” that we  Sample: /playbooks/ansible/backup/iosxr01. A complete course with 31 videos, covers full installation using GNS3 for Cisco, Juniper, Arista. Alternatively, a local connection can be used in a single playbook play, even if other plays in the playbook use the default remote connection type: ansible_network_os: ios -> the type of Cisco IOS we connect to ansible_become: yes -> this tells Ansible that we want to run the command with elevated privileges (#enable command in Cisco CLI) ansible_become_method: enable -> this is the method we want to use to gain privilileges (the Cisco enable) Auotmating Cisco IOS devices with Ansible 4 minute read What is Ansible? Ansible is an IT automation software used to simplfy routine tasks such as provisioning, configuration, app deployment, security automation, and much more. vyos_facts to connect to the remote networking device. The Ansible engine is self-contained and pre-configured as part of this pack onto your XSOAR server, all you need to do is provide credentials you are ready to use the feature rich commands. ansible-playbook Commands Cheet Sheat and Configuration Examples; Ansible is one of the most popular open source Automation Software like Puppet. ---. Here an Ansible Playbook with three different examples how to configure Cisco router interfaces: 1. Installation Guide. Cisco Switch IOS Upgrade Ansible Playbook. You can refer to my earlier post Getting Started  Aug 5, 2018 The following Ansible playbook uses the NTC ansible modules and perofrms Cisco router IOS upgrades. Ansible. Basics / What Will Be Installed; What The current version Ubuntu I have is 20. o14:30 PM – 16:00 PM (Theory with example). cfg. yml that I built to configure OSPF on all of the devices in my topology. yml , will use the ios_command module to execute arbitrary show commands: --- - name: IOS Show Commands hosts  webserver1. Ansible is well-known for it’s low entry threshold. Static; Differences Between Static and Dynamic; Tradeoffs and Pitfalls Between Includes and Imports; Variables The answer is – for Linux/Cisco IOS/NXOS/JUNOS and similar Ansible use SSH connection. r Using Ansible to Fetch Information from IOS Devices. Capturing show output with Ansible! In this article I'll show you an Ansible Playbook that captures show output from multiple show commands on a Cisco router, and then stores the output in a text file that is the hostname of the device. 45. ansible -m ios_ping <router> -a “dest=8. November. As a vendor agnostic framework Ansible can automate F5 (BIG-IP, BIG-IQ), Arista (EOS), Cisco (IOS, IOS XR, NX-OS), Juniper (JunOS), Open vSwitch and VyOS. 8 …. Ansible at Scale Sizing Ansible and Tower In scaling Ansible to manage any amount of network devices, these are the key factors that affect job performance: 1. 30,000 Foot View Ansible uses the following components to work: Inventory file(s) Group vars Host vars Playbooks Roles Tasks I’ll delve into each of these in a moment, but a high The playbook is simple and is written by the network SME. Nov 23, 2020 Ansible playbooks are files that contain tasks to configure hosts. From here you would add your playbook(s) for your project, for example: mkdir ansible - playbooks user @hostname : ~/ workspace ls - la total 12 drwxrwxr - x 3 user user 4096 Feb 26 12 : 51 . Cisco Devnet Lab Routers. Installation I’m going to install Ansible on my Raspberry Pi for this examle. In the example below, we are going to use two modules from Ansible, the “ios_config” module and the “nxos_config” module. This playbook has been tested successfully to upgrade a Cisco CSR1000v router and can be easily tweaked to support Cisco Nexus and Arista switches. The Ansible Cisco example. Ubuntu 20 running on Virtual Box. ansible-docs Parses the Automating Cisco IOS and ASA backups using Ansible and Cron - Part 1. ios collection (version 1. Prerequisite. First clone both the ntc-ansible and ntc-templates Github projects to your local Ansible host in the directory of your choice. by jamalshahverdiev. Images. Alternatively, a local connection can be used in a single playbook play, even if other plays in the playbook use the default remote connection type: Ansible has been able to work with Cisco IOS and NXOS devices for some time. Our host file will consist of two hosts, R1 and R2: [ios_devices] R1 ansible_host=192. config file = /home/jdoe/ansible_network/ansible. Below is sample  Oct 17, 2019 run_ansible. list. Posted: (1 week ago) Dec 06, 2018 · In short and sweet terms, Ansible is a software that runs on Linux (sorry windows peeps) which helps Engineers automate tasks using a more human readable instruction language Or, if this were the Ansible Playbook (I'm not 100% sure how to pass SSH usernames and passwords as Ansible commands yet), it would look like:--- ansible_user: {{sshUser}} ansible_pass: {{sshPass}} Am I missing something here? If Ansible requires for credentials to be in some form stored in plaintext, this introduces a massive vector for attack. com Because Ansible is a flexible tool, there are a number of ways to specify connection information and credentials. 5(3). This playbook will work equally well on any Cisco device and once you grasp the concepts of using the IOS_Command Module and also the IOS_Config module you can configure whatever you want. ansible/plugins/modules’, ‘/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules’] ansible python module location = /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/ansible. 3. 24. Scripts in Ansible is called playbooks, so you actually create playbooks and run them using Ansible. After the alias, the hosts file specifies three variables that will be used by the Ansible playbook to access the device. All he wanted to do was to use Ansible to configure a VRF, an interface in the VRF, and OSPF routing process on Cisco CSR 1000v running software release 15. This playbook is stored as backup. Nov 29, 2017 Saving login credentials within ansible playbooks. You will go through so many examples that writing Ansible playbooks will become a second nature to you. We will install Ansible on Ubuntu, ping two cisco devnet routers and configure a Loopback Interface on both routers. com ansible-playbook gather_ios_data. Github Reference. 168. Config size -- raw text output from `show run` for each device 2. For the first group of hosts, group1, selinux will be enabled. The umbrella playbook checks if the upgrade is nescessary and delegates the work to the playbooks that take care of the specific switch models. 2). Module Documentation; Getting Started with the module. Including and Importing; Roles; Dynamic vs. Has about 20 example playbooks written & executed live while recording. [IOS] router_a ansible_host=192. For example, you can list your hosts, as well as your host and group Ansible used SSH to push the configs to the target hosts, so in that case, we need a few initial configuration on each of the Cisco IOS device before we can automate. change boot variable on device and save the config. yml [cisco_ios] 172. Ansible ad hoc commands explained with examples and a cheat sheet for ansible. A community for network automation. 2, we have following 9 modules for IOS-XR. The ansible-playbook command uses parameters to specify: The playbook you want to run (yaml) The inventory file and its location (-i hosts). Select a repository to try. 1 so you must have at least that version installed. The next level up is where the Example Ansible Playbook for Updating Cisco IOS Switches › Best Online Courses the day at www. The documentation for the module is located here. The third part of my ongoing series of posts on Ansible for Networking will cover Cisco IOS. I tried with your example, this also appears to be having syntax error, error as followed. 10. To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install cisco. ansible galaxy cisco ansible ios module ansible cisco ios example ansible ios Ansible playbook - IOS XE devices I have a working playbook for IOS  ios_command – Run commands on remote devices running Cisco IOS, If a command Ansible Network Examples, Example 2: simplifying playbooks with network  Oct 2, 2017 Hi, I'm just beginning to discover ansible. Red Hat Ansible network automation is enterprise software for automating and managing IT infrastructure. yml --connection=local. g. Once the inventory file is ready – next step is to create Ansible playbook. Save and exit from that file. The need for an upgrade resuls from a comparison of the running IOS version and the desired version defined in the inventory. Let's do this! But first, if you're not yet familiar with Ansible I'd… Or, if this were the Ansible Playbook (I'm not 100% sure how to pass SSH usernames and passwords as Ansible commands yet), it would look like:--- ansible_user: {{sshUser}} ansible_pass: {{sshPass}} Am I missing something here? If Ansible requires for credentials to be in some form stored in plaintext, this introduces a massive vector for attack. ansible-vault Encrypt sensitive data into an encrypted YAML file. Update: If you find this article useful, I suggest reading the Anatomy of an Ansible Playbook post as well. --- ansible_ssh_user: meru ansible_ssh_pass: meru ansible_network_os: ios. Create a playbook: - name: ping Google’s DNS from the device hosts: ios tasks: - ios_command: commands: ping 8. Ansible-playbook : Simple gather_facts example for Cisco IOS devices (new method) Gathering facts with newer Ansible got simpler (since v. cisco config backup with ansible playbook It is a good idea to back up all your network devices with different vendors like Cisco and Juniper and different appliances like switch, router and firewall with Note. The Software is subject to and governed by the terms and conditions of the End User License Agreement and the Supplemental End User License Agreement accompanying the product, made available at the time of your order, or posted on the Cisco website at www. Ansible can use the nxos_config module for easy backups. taking pre-checks, post-checks and then comparing them and highlighting the differences, etc. This how-to assumes a certain level of linux knowledge as well as a passing familiarity of Ansible. We define the task and give it a name. compare pre and post checks and display the difference. To use, download the . Ansible Installation: Before starting, make sure you have ansible installed. The Ansible playbook is a Ansible devel For previous versions, see the documentation archive. This playbook has been tested successfully to upgrade a Cisco CSR1000v router and can be easily tweaked to support Cisco Nexus and This integration enables the management of Cisco IOS Switches and Routers directly from XSOAR using Ansible modules. Ansible ios_config module provides an implementation for working with IOS configuration sections in a deterministic way. An Ansible Playbook Example---- name: snmp ro/rw string configuration hosts: cisco gather_facts: no tasks: Cisco IOS Juniper Junos eos_facts ios_facts junos_facts The following is an Ansible playbook I created to handle IOS upgrades on against an excessively large number of Cisco routers at a customer site I was doing some work at. Using the topology below in GNS3. A playbook uses YAML to define the set of tasks to automate, and each playbook is comprised of one or more plays. snippet of these elements which give a great ansible example for IOS upgrades. Ansible CLI Commands Cheet Sheat and Configuration Examples. Mission: Ansible-Playbooks-for-Cisco-IOS is a repository of Ansible Playbooks for Cisco IOS devices. Today I’m going to take a look at a method to be able to save the configuration of a Cisco device to NVRAM (copy run start). 6 First I came across that Ubuntu was unable to SSH to cisco router, due to You run an Ansible playbook using the ansible-playbook command, for example: ansible-playbook backup_cisco_router_playbook. drwxrwxr - x 5 user user 4096 Feb 26 12 : 51 napalm - ansible drwxrwxr - x 5 user user 4096 Feb 26 12 The top section specifies what devices are targeted for this run and the tasks list is an ordered set of instructions to execute on each device. Oct 22, 2017 [root@centos01 ansible]# ansible-playbook cisco-router. You can refer to my earlier post Getting Started with your first ansible-playbook for Network Automation to know about the parameters used in this playbook. For this example we will be working on two different platforms (887 and 3750X) requiring two group_var files with slightly differing YAML dictionary values for filenames and MD5 hashes. 9. yml -e "custfile=CUSTOMER1. I published my Ansible Playbook Structure post a few months ago. Basics / What Will Be Installed; What The course covers playbooks for Cisco IOS, JunOS, and Arista devices. You can view the other posts in the series below: - Part 1 - Start of the series Part 2 - The Lab Environment Part 4 - Juniper JunOS Part 5 - Arista EOS Part 6 - MikroTik RouterOS Part 7 - VyOS All the playbooks, roles and variables used in this article are available in my Network Automation with Subscribe to my Channel and get more great tips https://www. We have then several variables meant to tell Ansible where is the API of the APIC and which username, password combination to use to login against it. 13. ansible-playbook Run playbooks against targeted hosts. The benefits of Ansible are: Ease of use due to playbooks written in YAML language; It is Agentless. [cisco_ios] 172. 8”: logon router and ping 8. The next challenge you may face is figuring out how to structure your playbooks. The top section specifies what devices are targeted for this run and the tasks list is an ordered set of instructions to execute on each device. After the main site. vyos. The following example task replaces configuration changes in the existing configuration on a Cisco IOS network device, using the FQCN: Now open the file with your favourite editor and add our router information in that hosts file like below. com/rogerperkin/?sub_confirmation=1My Ansible Network Automation Course / https://www. 10, the version of Ansible 2. and Mac. For our first example, we want to use an ansible playbook to get backups of Cisco devices (cisco config backup with ansible playbook). The ios_check_acls calls a “provider” role $ ansible-playbook extract_ip. Now execute it as below An Ansible Playbook Example---- name: snmp ro/rw string configuration hosts: cisco gather_facts: no tasks: Cisco IOS Juniper Junos eos_facts ios_facts junos_facts cisco ios_command module in ansible website. 16. ansible cisco ios playbook example February 8, 2017. 8 from router; ios_facts and junos_facts module: get I pushed a collection of Ansible modules for cisco IOS routers on my Github . We’ve also already seen provider parameter where we pass credential to connect to the devices. Question is what is a playbook, what is it’s role? In our example, this is the file site. Ansible is a nice tool to automate the deployment and configuration of network devices. 2, which was released at 2. If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable ANSIBLE_NET_USERNAME will be used instead. j2 force : yes - name : provide the base configuration SSH into Cisco routers and switches with Ansible - step by step guide [cisco:vars] device_type=cisco_ios username=test password=test Playbook Example Location [cisco_ios] 172. Configuration comes out of Jinja2 template, can be run dynamic with variables. To use it in a playbook, specify: cisco. 0. As mentioned above these modules were released in Ansible 2. Let's do this! But first, if you're not yet familiar with Ansible I'd… Update: If you find this article useful, I suggest reading the Anatomy of an Ansible Playbook post as well. Because Ansible is a flexible tool, there are a number of ways to specify connection information and credentials. This uses the Ansible module ios_ping and can be useful in my case to validate if the configuration was correctly applied: If everything goes well, like in this example, the job is successful: Ansible-playbook : gather_facts example for Cisco IOS › Search The Best Images at www. We will test to send commands from file and from playbook, write configurations, send file and get file to Cisco routers. ansible-pull Reverses the normal “push” model and lets clients "pull" from a centralized server for execution. Basically, what we just need is to configure the device management interface that is connected to ‘mgmt-sw’ (must be the same subnet on ‘ ansible_controller’ ), username In the above playbook, the ios_config is the name of Ansible module for configuring Cisco device that is running IOS. Then we specify to Ansible that we want to work with the aci_rest Ansible module. Now lets run the playbook again. 0). Use the option -u <USER> to accommodate the connection method in case of a different user on the lab devices. Run the playbook: ansible-playbook myPlaybook. Auotmating Cisco IOS devices with Ansible 4 minute read What is Ansible? Ansible is an IT automation software used to simplfy routine tasks such as provisioning, configuration, app deployment, security automation, and much more. Time to execute via ansible-playbook. I have configured 5 Routers which is ios_command: commands: show run | incl logging host. is deprecated # - hosts: test connection: local tasks: - name: "Cisco IOS run show  Sep 23, 2019 Example ansible playbook for upgrading Cisco IOS images. Ansible Cisco IOS Commands. Posted: (3 days ago) Dec 06, 2018 · Here we are running cli commands on the Cisco switch with Ansible to instruct the switch to connect to our TFTP server and pull down the IOS image we specified at the prompt. 99. Ansible is one of the tool that can be used and the upgrade process can also be customized to include any tasks that you want, e. The following playbook does the following : Define a role : cisco-ios-common – which holds all the default configuration that is used by our devices. Step 1: Create your Ansible playbook. Upon re-reading it recently I felt that it lacked detailed around the components of a playbook. Here’s what he was trying to deploy. This playbook is uncomplicated, easy to read and revisit. Ansible Architecture, ad-hoc commands and Playbooks More than 20 examples covering wide range of Ansible modules Writing, executing and troubleshooting Ansible playbooks Requirements Basic understanding of Cisco, Juniper, and Arista commands. This tutorial is going to cover Ansible modules for IOS-XR, some tips and tricks and how to increase performance for Ansible playbooks. yaml PLAY In this example we'll push a MGMT ACL to each of our Cisco routers. Create a working directory: mkdir ansible_play cd ansible_play Create the following 4 files within the … Continue reading "Ansible – Basic Playbook" I pushed a collection of Ansible modules for cisco IOS routers on my Github . There are options to save the configuration on every change within the modules such as ios_config or cli_config, however, this can slow down the execution of The umbrella playbook checks if the upgrade is nescessary and delegates the work to the playbooks that take care of the specific switch models. Note: All examples throughout this guide will reference RedHat/CentOS install Ansible calls it's configuration and orchestration framework "playbooks. This is a simple introduction of the power of Ansible and how quickly you can be up and running configuring multiple hosts at once. Play Definition; Playbook Execution - Adding a VLAN; IOS_VLAN - Purge Parameter ansible Executes modules against targeted hosts withoutcreating playbooks. This ansible-playbook can be used to backup running configuration from Cisco IOS devices. Role Example 2 – VLANs. Ansible used SSH to push the configs to the target hosts, so in that case, we need a few initial configuration on each of the Cisco IOS device before we can automate. Below is a playbook called ios_commands_4. 6. Ansible Ansible-Playbooks-for-Cisco-IOS. - hosts: enterprise_l2. j2 force : yes - name : provide the base configuration USING ANSIBLE TO UPLOAD AND UPGRADE CISCO 3850 IOS-XE. 11. eos_facts, cisco. . You can use any other OS including Ubuntu, MacOS etc. Here is the ansible playbook with multiple hosts in it. run playbook first time when IOS is not compliant. Search for object matches in an ASA config. Table of Contents Objectives Prerequisites Guide Next Steps Objectives Install and verify the default Ansible settings Create a new Ansible environment Prerequisites Note: This guide assumes that you already have a control node that can run Ansible, with Python installed and access to the internet. Following is the Ansible-playbook for IOS upgradation, that includes following sub-tasks. Notice the with_items above that is one of the Loops in Ansible called standard loop. cisco ios_config module in ansible website. Version 2. 250 R2 ansible_host=192. The Ansible magic variable {{ inventory_hostname }} can be used to reference the current iterated inventory host file target which we will use to identify the parent switch for each of the facts. 1. The error appears to have been in '/etc/ansible/playbooks/cisco_ios. No need to gather facts. The host in this example is a Cisco IOS router (IP address is 192. wordpress. cisco_snmp_vlan – Creates, deletes or renames VLANs; Changing configuration through SNMP only modifies the running-config, so when you use this in an Ansible Playbook you would notify the cisco_snmp_save_config module using the handlers functionality. Examples - name : push a configuration onto the device ios_template : src : config. Courses. Since this module is supported on ansible_network_os network platforms, we must specify ansible_network_os=ios (I am using cisco IOS image) in the inventory file as below [email protected]:~# cat hosts [Routers] R1 R2 [Switches] S1 S2 [all:vars] ansible_user=NaveeN ansible_ssh_pass=naveen ansible_network_os=ios. (assume my router IP address is 192. For my test environment I used GNS3 with Cisco 3745 Routers. yaml -i hosts. Rather than reiterate what is in the documentation, lets dive in with an example. Example Ansible Playbook with multiple hosts and multiple plays. Ansible with Cisco - Part 2 ios_config module. Ansible IOS VLAN March 9, 2019 10 minute read ansible ios_vlan cisco On this page. Question is what is a playbook, what is it’s role? $ ansible-playbook extract_ip. Obtaining the running-config. Decide whether to upgrade the ios of device or not. ansible -m ios_command -a “commands=’show run'” <host> > backup. February 8, 2017. Due to option -k the local user (nwmichl) is used to log into the lab device using the prompted ssh password. We’ll start off with the playbook that captures the output of the show ip interfaces brief command. ios_facts and vyos. Example Ansible Playbook for Updating Cisco IOS Switches December 6, 2018 December 7, 2018 NetworkProGuide 6 Comments Ansible , Cisco , IOS , Networking Automation , TFTP I’m going to assume that if you’re here, you already know what Ansible is. Here's an Ansible playbook to upload IOS-XE image and install on 3850 switches version 16 and above only if current IOS version is not compliant. Ansible Tower is an enterprise framework for controlling, securing and managing your Ansible automation with a UI and RESTful API. An alias is used from within the Ansible playbook to reference a device. Ansible Tower is an enterprise framework for controlling, securing and managing The first way to manage network devices with Ansible is to use the Ansible modules that are supported by a diverse number of operating systems including NX-OS, EOS, Junos, IOS, IOS-XR, and many more. 2016-07-16@22:28:34. ios_l2_interfaces . Description A complete course with 31 videos, covers full Ansible is a nice tool to automate the deployment and configuration of network devices. In this article I’m going to focus on the ios_config module and show how you can use it to configure Cisco IOS devices. Update: ios_interface is to be deprecated as of Ansible 2. x and obtain data from Cisco IOS devices by running “show” commands. VLANs pre-module work; Building the Play; Changing the VLANs on the device. 9) no need to specify the vendor OS. 1 username=cisco password=cisco secret=cisco [cisco_ios:vars] as = 10 If you are familiar with Ansible all the fields are self-explanatory. 1: Ansible – Covers Introduction, Setup & Configuration, Ansible Playbooks, 37 Ansible Modules, Different Roles and Command Line usage. com. 0 was just released in early November bringing great new features. Cisco support in Ansible is categorized by the operating systems: IOS, IOSXR, and NXOS. There are few more modules we use to set some parameters but these two modules are the core to talking to our Cisco Devices. That is the variable we pass to Ansible during the execution, using option -e like that: ansible-playbook customer-vlan. An Ansible Playbook is the configuration deployment written in YAML. Static IP address configuration in playbook. example. In this post I will be taking a deeper look at the ios_interface module. In this example, we use the _facts modules arista. youtube. The larger routers connected to the ISP need updating. 10 1. j2 - name : forceable push a configuration onto the device ios_template : src : config. commands. Raw. Sep 11, 2016 A lot of new networking modules were released as part of Ansible 2. I will show you how you can quickly and easily start network programming by using GNS3, Cisco IOS and Ansible. These modules can be considered the lowest common denominator as they work the same way across operating systems requiring you to define the An inventory and playbook are enough to run our first Ansible program! (in fact, only a playbook is enough to run). An example could look like this: An example playbook: To run an entire playbook locally, just set the “hosts:” line to “hosts: 127. Ansible is an automation platform: Example Ansible Playbook for Updating Cisco IOS Switches › Search The Best Images at www. We recommend that you use some type of version control software (VCS), though this is optional. Looks like a configuration straight out of an MPLS book, right? ip vrf Customer_A rd 65000:1 Ansible used SSH to push the configs to the target hosts, so in that case, we need a few initial configuration on each of the Cisco IOS device before we can automate. You can also access Ansible website, here. cisco. 2. yml, as depicted in the preceding example. For example if we have an inventory named “hosts” (without file extension) and a playbook named “int_lo0. You can see we are working with web and application servers in the same playbook and executing two different plays (set of tasks) respectively. In this article I will show how to use Ansible playbooks to control Cisco IOS devices. Like in football, teams have playbooks made up of plays, and Ansible playbooks are made up of plays, too. first of all create a file that will include variables, which will be referred by the ansible playbook. ini --extra-vars "hosts=gns3 username=cisco password=cisco connection=ssh platform=cisco_ios secret=cisco command=['show Hostname, with IP address and ssh port, in this case, the default one, 22. configured module search path = [‘/home/jdoe/. Don’t forget to save the file after you made the change. For our example, we will use Git to track revision history: Or, if this were the Ansible Playbook (I'm not 100% sure how to pass SSH usernames and passwords as Ansible commands yet), it would look like:--- ansible_user: {{sshUser}} ansible_pass: {{sshPass}} Am I missing something here? If Ansible requires for credentials to be in some form stored in plaintext, this introduces a massive vector for attack. Ansible Quick Start: Raw Playbooks and Cisco IOS Command module Playbooks. It's a simple automation language that can perfectly describe an IT application infrastructure in Ansible Playbooks. This plugin is part of the cisco. Another useful Ansible playbook example containing this time two plays for two hosts is the next one. Alright this the playbook I use to create a tenant. Ansible playbook to handle IOS upgrades. 2, and at the end of this post you will have a play to gather the interface descriptions from your IOS devices. Mar 4, 2020 You can also supply a template file instead, rather than placing all of this in a Playbook. Future version of Ansible will add more parameters, this article is for Ansible 2. Let's keep pretending that the ISP just doesn't want to do it, and so, it falls upon us. In this module I did have to dig into the actual Python file, and that is located here. However Cisco IOS devices require special considerations. Following installation procedure was verified working on Mac OS X 10. Before diving in its probably best to review some of the resources linked here and here to brush up on the ins and outs of Ansible. yml ran, a second Playbook is executed for basic connectivity testing cisco_check_icmp. The latest official version is 2. Getting Started With Ansible for Cisco IOS. take pre and post checks of defined commands. In our example, this is the file site. You run an Ansible playbook using the ansible-playbook command, for example: ansible-playbook backup_cisco_router_playbook. yml Sample inventory file: 2 groups, total of 3 network devices defined Sample playbook: Include plays and tasks to execute 12. After the comment (#), the hosts file begins with an alias, CSR1kv. Ansible-playbook for backing up running config of Cisco IOS. Cisco IOS configurations use a simple block indent file syntax for segmenting configuration into sections. Posted: (1 week ago) Mar 13, 2021 · Previous Post Ansible-playbook : Simple gather_facts example for Cisco IOS devices (new method) Next Post Ansible-playbook: … › Images detail: www. This is analogous to a football playbook. 2(2)E1 switches. The first step in creating your first Ansible Playbook is to create a working directory to house it, and entering the directory: $ mkdir my-playbook $ cd my-playbook. To run an entire playbook locally, just set the “hosts:” line to “hosts: 127. I found a way to send separate commands to a cisco device and that works, Is there an example on  Oct 2, 2020 name: Configure SNMPv3 on Cisco IOS Devices ios_config: For example, we could have a playbook that looks like this: Nov 10, 2019 This ansible-playbook can be used to backup running configuration from Cisco IOS devices. Here is the new playbook using ios_command. I therefore intend to fill in the gap with this post. In this article, we’ll look at various Ansible modules that can be used to fetch information from Cisco IOS devices: ios_facts, snmp_facts and ios_command. ini --extra-vars "hosts=gns3 username=cisco password=cisco connection=ssh platform=cisco_ios secret=cisco command=['show When running a play you are executing a playbook. Ensure you are using Ansible v2. For our example, we will use Git to track revision history: ios_command and vyos_command module: commands for cisco ios devices. If there are commands to run against the host. yml” (to configure loopback 0 interface for each host) in “playbooks” directory then we can run them via this Ansible Interface Playbook (ios_config): Cisco interface config. To overcome routine tasks in a network and reduce manual configurations and settings, Ansible is a perfect tool. ansible 2. I’m going to use the new ios_vlans module in Ansible. Ansible cisco. It will iterate the content of the variable, in this case, the vlans Example Ansible Playbook with multiple hosts and multiple plays. Resources to start with: Ansible documentation is well written and helpful, so start here: The following playbook does the following : Define a role : cisco-ios-common – which holds all the default configuration that is used by our devices. ios. run second time after upgrade. Cisco My Devices - EOX reports and contract renewal quoting for customers. install and use Visual Studio Code Editor for Ansible to run playbooks | Ansible | Devops How to Run an Ansible Playbook - Example Ansible as automation glue Ansible Up And Running Automating Ansible Up & Running covers much of the behind-the-scenes details on how the platform arrived into the state that it exists in today. In Ansible, we call this “file” a playbook. I will be taking a look at multiple Cisco platforms to save changes done during an Ansible Playbook to NVRAM. Gathering facts with newer Ansible got simpler (since  Example 2: simplifying playbooks with network agnostic modules Certain network platforms, such as Arista EOS and Cisco IOS, have the concept of  Setup the hosts from “Hosts” option. Cisco IOS, NX-OS CLI Commands. Device performance -- how long it takes to login, send commands, and get output 3. Installation, Upgrade & Configuration. 3. If you don’t have it installed, you can do with with the ansible-galaxy collection install cisco. ansible cisco ios playbook example. The command to run a playbook is ansible-playbook [playbook-name] Last thing to remember is that we still have a single undefined variable in the playbook, which is called "custfile". 1” and then run the playbook like so: ansible-playbook playbook. It is writtten in Python Language and it is available in Linux like RedHat, Debian, Ubuntu etc. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. marcin@marcin-vm-lab-2:~$ ssh cisco@xrv8 IMPORTANT: READ CAREFULLY Welcome to the Demo Version of Cisco IOS XRv (the "Software"). In our case, the SSH connection is initiated from the sysadmin computer running the playbook – but it can be adapted to run from a bastion host. It’s the first Ansible release that supports Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent) SR OS. ios_command – Run commands on remote . Or, if this were the Ansible Playbook (I'm not 100% sure how to pass SSH usernames and passwords as Ansible commands yet), it would look like:--- ansible_user: {{sshUser}} ansible_pass: {{sshPass}} Am I missing something here? If Ansible requires for credentials to be in some form stored in plaintext, this introduces a massive vector for attack. Inventory isolation - No data leaves the network other than the CSV. networkproguide. Playbook to retrieve ARP cache (P100_6) Playbook to retrieve MAC address tables (P100_7) Playbooks using Cisco IOS command (P100_8) Playbooks using Cisco IOS command - show version save to file (P100_9) Playbooks using Cisco IOS command - show run save to file (P100_10) Ansible devel For previous versions, see the documentation archive. We added ‘ansible_network_os: ios’, to tell Ansible that the routers are running on IOS. ansible_user: This is the username you would normally type in if you were to SSH to the switch. It's an automation engine that runs Ansible Playbooks. py , this script runs the ansible-playbook -i hosts name: Cisco ios devices name: show version for cisco routers. ios command in linux. Below is snippet of these elements which give a great ansible example for IOS upgrades. 2: Chef – Covers Introduction, Building the Cook Book, Node Object & Search, Data-bags, Chef environment, Roles, Deploying Nodes in Production and using the Open Source Chef Server. For those of you that already know what Ansible is and are looking for an example playbook that will help you automate updating your Cisco IOS equipment, you’re in the right place. yaml -i hosts PLAY [Show examples]  Mar 13, 2021 Ansible-playbook : Simple gather_facts example for Cisco IOS devices (new method). All what’s required to get started is just one inventory file. Please see the official documentation for the Ansible Cisco module. The cisco_exec_commands module doesn't replace the ansible core For example the IOS Access Facts playbook. drwxr - xr - x 7 user user 4096 Feb 26 12 : 49 . The goal of this post is to provide you with a simple way to utilize Ansible 2. This module is used to configure individual interfaces on a Cisco IOS device. Play Definition; Playbook Execution - Adding a VLAN; IOS_VLAN - Purge Parameter Automating Cisco IOS and ASA backups using Ansible and Cron - Part 1. In this example we will try the cisco_ios playbook repository; Enter the git pull command in your container terminal to make sure the repository has the latest code ansible_network_os: This variable tells ansible what SPECIFIC network device you are communicating with, in this example we are talking with a Cisco IOS 3850, so when specify the ios it’s telling ansible to use the IOS modules in the next task.